The Importance of the Big Toe

Ch. 1   Ch. 2   Ch. 3   Ch. 4   Ch. 5   Ch. 6   Ch. 7   Ch. 8

Chapter 6: The Critical Role of the Great toe and how to Correct It

An important innovation has just entered the market of functional foot care products. For years most products have focused on putting more stuff under dysfunctional (and even fully functional) arches. The incorrect assumption was that an arch must have support underit. In architecture and nature the exact opposite is true. Things pass under arches and they are strong if supported well on the ends.

Lets briefly review the amazing function of the barefoot in healthy gait.

The toes (especially the great toe) play a vital role in normal arch functioning, both in the shock absorption and propulsion phases. In normal stride cycle the toes are flexed up on landing so the foot lands with the arch high like a shock absorber at full extension. Then the toes lower and the arch flattens dissipating shock in a controlled manner. As stride moves forward the heel lifts up, flexing the toes up, and lifting the arch-turning it into a rigid lever for an energy efficient push-off. this "Windlass Mechanism" requires free movement of the toes and plantar fascia ligament for proper shock absorption and propulsion.

The great toe being able to stabilize the arch in midstance and takeoff is critical for a funcional gait and normal arch functioning. Remember an arch is supported by its ends- this is the front end and a heel flat and balanced with the forefoot is the other end. When medical patients lose their great toe due to injury or infection they are left with a foot that is very unstable, with no ability to absorb shock, and with limited to no propulsive properties. Not surprisingly, many of these patients often end up with severe disabilities and higher amputations as they traumatize other foot structures.

The big toe must be properly aligned and the flexor hallucis longus and brevis allowed to perform normal stabilizing functions.

Correct Alignment of Great Toe

Alignment of Great to with Hallux Valgus

You can feel this yourself if you stand on one foot and try not to shift to the side to feel the big toe activated and gripping the ground. You also feel the gluteus medius (upper outer part of your buttocks) stabilizing your hip and preventing your pelvis from tripping.

Ok, so what do Correct Toes have to do with all this?
Millions of women and men have a malalignment of their great to called hallux valgus. This condition is caused by improper footwear with elevated heels and a pointed toebox which pinches the toes into this position. It cannot be corrected surgically or with traditional orthotics. Yoga aficionados have used products such as Yoga toes and toe spacers for years to restore alignment in the great toe. These are great products but unfortunately cannot be worn during activity. Correct toes will position the toes back into their normal anatomic position to restore the function of all critical stabilizing and shock absorbing functions of the toes and foot.

Arch supports will do none of this and at worst inhibit all the natural and essential functions, especially normal pronation.

My own short experience with this product has been a profound new discovery. I am a marathon runner still running at the national level as a Master. I had surgery for severe arthritis in my large toes 10 years ago. This left me with essentially a fused first toe and a slight valgus deformity. I did not take the advice of finding a new activity, and chose instead to learn more about gait and footwear. Innovators Danny Dreyer of ChiRunning, Jay Dicharry at UVA Center for Endurance Sport, Danny Abshire of Newton Running, and Galahad Clark of Terra Plana Vivo Barefoot have all had huge roles in my path of discovery.

My foot with Correct Toes. Notice inner angle of Large Toe (hallux valgus in medical terms)

My foot with Correct Toes- Proper large toe alignment

Periodically I tried spacers between my 1st and second toe to get the large toe aligned. Often these would move position as I ran. What was certain though was the immediately felt benefit in stride efficiency when the big toe was perfectly aligned. I felt my foot was the magic spring it was when I was a child running effortlessly on the beach. My first run in the Correct Toes was another one of the many AHA moments I've had in a life of running. The proper function and space was now allowed in all the toes and they maintained the position in the soft gel rubber for the entire run.

I came across Correct Toes after being forwarded This Video

Called Dr. Ray's office to order a pair from the first run became aware that they gave back the foot properties compromised by the arthritis. I run in Newton Distance Racers on longer runs and do some barefoot running and Terra Plana EVO running too for form, fun, proprioception and foot strengthening. Both of these shoe companies get barefoot form and have a nice wide toebox to accomodate.

The Correct Toes can be worn in walking shoes and at night and while barefoot too (although might move during hard running while barefoot). They could not be used with Five Fingers but when worn through the day in other footwear could help get your large to aligned and toes behaving more independent, which would help Five Finger Running.

As a retail store owner with the mission of teaching customers better foot function and getting them in flat and more functional footwear I see many runners and walkers with hallux valgus deformities. Most are completely unaware of the effect of this common and seemingly minor problem on foot function. with education, awareness, and complimentary products we can restore these folks to healthier activity.

So get your toes straight and back in the too will discover something completely new.

Content used with permission from Mark Cucuzzella ( and Andrew Rademacher (